Question 1 Which of the following is the central purpose of punishment? Image A. To provide housing

Question 1 Which of the following is the central purpose of punishment? Image A. To provide housing

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Question 1

Which of the following is the central purpose of punishment?
Image A. To provide housing
B. To protect society
C. To carry out the criminal sentence
D. All of these
10 points
Question 2

Jeremy Benthem argued effective punishments prevent _________________in the future.
A. negative behavior
B. positive behavior
C. similar behavior
D. coerced behavior
10 points
Question 3

The invention of the penitentiary occurred because of:
A. the influence of the Age of Reason.
B. a response to negative social conditions and their influence on the rise of crime.
C. the growth of the surplus labor due to the Industrial Revolution.
D. all of these
10 points
Question 4

The belief a punishment inflicted on an offender must achieve enough good to outweigh the pain inflicted is called:
A. utilitarianism.
B. classical criminology.
C. the Enlightenment.
D. wergild.
10 points
Question 5

The founder of the Classical School of Thought is ___________________.
A. Cesare Beccaria
B. John Howard
C. Cesare Lombroso
D. Jeremy Benthem
10 points
Question 6

The period known as the Enlightenment had what effect(s) on society?
A. It brought a reaction against feudal society and the monopoly of religion.
B. It stressed the notion of equality for all citizens.
C. It was largely influenced by the growth of scientific thinking.
D. All of these
10 points
Question 7

For the purpose of deterrence, which principle(s) did Beccaria believe were most important?
A. Severity
B. Swiftness
C. Certainty
D. Both swiftness and certainty
10 points
Question 8

During the Age of Reason, advances in scientific thinking led to a questioning attitude thatemphasized which of the following?
A. Observation
B. Experimentation
C. Technological development
D. All of these
10 points
Question 9

________ was a leader of reform in England and the developer of a utilitarian approach tocrime and punishment
A. Jeremy Bentham
B. John Howard
C. Cesare Beccaria
D. Bishop Nicholas Ridley
10 points
Question 10

The dominant social institution during the Middle Ages in England and Europe was:
A. the king.
B. the sheriff.
C. the penitentiary.
D. the church.
10 points
Question 11

The four goals of corrections are:

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Question 12

What are the key issues in corrections
Image
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Question 13

What is the difference between jail and prisons?

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